The cover article of the January 2020 issue of The Historian relates to the aftermath of World War I and, more specifically, to that of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia where millions were
starving in the early 1920s. Mennonite Central Committee (MCC) then was a newly formed agency, organized for the purpose of sending relief materials to Russia. Alvin J. Miller served as field director of that effort and served a significant role in opening the door for relief to be taken into Russia. This article deals with that aspect of the MCC relief ministry in Russia in the early 1920s and represents the material presented by the author at the annual meeting of the Casselman Historians in September 2019.
Alvin was born and raised on a farm by the north border of the town of Grantsville, Maryland, along present-day Dorsey Hotel Rd. For biographical information on Alvin J. Miller, see The Historian of October 2019. Anticipate more in issues to follow on the relief program of MCC in Russia after the door was opened.
Lowell Bender, a great-nephew of Alvin J. Miller, lives at Accident, Maryland, with his wife Verna. He is retired from a staff position at Garrett Community College at McHenry, Maryland, and currently serves on the Board of Directors of MCC-East Coast. The article largely follows P. C. Hiebert, ed., and Orie O. Miller, assoc. ed., Feeding the Hungry – Russian Famine 1919-1925, (Scottdale, PA: Mennonite Central Committee, 1929), chapter IV – “Unsealing the Closed Door of the Soviet Republic,” Part 2, “The Door Opens for Relief in Russia,” by Alvin J. Miller. The book is out of print, but is available in some libraries. Reference to page numbers in this work is given in parentheses throughout the article.
The lead article is followed by extracts from Feeding the Hungry, selected for their depiction of need in Russia at the time of MCC’s effort to enter with relief. These selections contribute to understanding Alvin J. Miller’s sense of urgency when dealing with governmental red tape in opening the door to bring to Russia MCC food stored and waiting in Constantinople.
The annual historical meeting of the Casselman Historians is scheduled for Friday evening and Saturday, September 18 & 19, 2020, at Grantsville, Maryland. Specific place of meeting is to be announced.
This meeting will recognize 2020 as the centennial year of Mennonite Central Committee (MCC) and treat the involvement of the Casselman Valley Amish and Mennonite congregations in MCC programs in the decades that followed.
MCC was founded in 1920 in an effort toward Mennonite united effort and efficiency in relief ministries. MCC’s initial work was a response to needs in Russia related to World War I and, especially, the civil war in Russia known as the Bolshevik Revolution.
The ministries of MCC were vastly expanded in geography and scope throughout the twentieth century. A major category of involvement of the Casselman Valley people, in addition to monetary donations, was relief for war sufferers of World War II though the work of the sewing circles, meat and soup canning, and the Pax program of rebuilding in Europe.
Watch future issues of The Historian for information on topics, speakers, and place of meeting. In the meantime, mark your calendar for September 18 and 19.
If you missed the annual meeting of the Casselman Historians, you can still view the five talks by clicking here (or going to the Photos/Audio/Video tab on the website) and scrolling down to the bottom of the page. They are:
David I Miller on International Relief Ministries and Casselman Valley Response before 1920
Phyllis Swartz on The Life of Alvin J. Miller – A Biographical Sketch
Kenton Yoder on Relief Work of Alvin J. Miller in France and Turkey 1919-1920
Lowell Bender on Opening the Door to Russia – 1921
Kenneth Sensenig on MCC Relief and Reconstruction Work in Russia 1921-1925
The audio didn’t come through on the video recordings, so I matched up the audio that was recorded separately to the existing video, which leaves some synchronization differences but hopefully won’t be too distracting.